FTLOScience (est. 2017) is an independent science publishing and education platform based in Singapore. Our mission is to create a more scientifically literate world by fostering the love of science.

We publish 'popular science' articles across four categories that present the world through science-tinted lenses, deconstructing complex topics using clear and concise language easily understandable by non-scientists.

Comprehensive guides on science topics at the university/college level, first building the foundations before tackling the hard stuff. They are designed to provide students with a deeper understanding of scientific theories.

atomic structure orbital theory woman covering her face with bool ftloscience post

Fixing How We Learn (and Teach) Chemistry—A Game Electrons Play

Chemistry lessons—at both high school and college level—often begin with atomic structure and bond classification. This foundation proves inadequate for predicting reactions and breaks down entirely when used to explain more advanced physical chemistry concepts, such as quantum theory. By...

vial of smallpox vaccine and scientist operating electron microscope ftloscience post

Why We Still Talk About Smallpox, Years After Eradicating the Virus

The smallpox virus terrorized humankind for thousands of years. Even if victims survived the infection, smallpox often led to permanent blindness and disfigurement. This plague upon humanity finally ended in 1980 after a worldwide vaccination drive, completely wiping out the...

komodo dragon and phospholipase A2 protein structure ftloscience post

Komodo Dragons Are Cold-Blooded Killers With Venomous Proteins

On the tropical island of Komodo in Indonesia, just a few hours’ boat ride from the tourist hotspot of Bali, Komodo dragons rule the roost. These large reptiles are apex predators, hunting and devouring almost anything in their path. Their...

mole thinking of moles molarity and molality

Moles, Molarity and Molality in Chemical Calculations

Chemistry usually involves tiny molecules and huge numbers. It would be a mathematical nightmare if we had to deal with individual atoms! Luckily, we have the humble mole unit to help make otherwise complex calculations easy. This guide first explains...